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seedling planter:Precautions and functional classification of planters

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2021-01-25 22:39

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[Abstract] It is important to test the seedling planter before using the planter. Regardless of the type of planter, it is necessary to test its effect and seeding quality before use, especially the depth and density of the seedling planter's seeding, so that the planter can avoid problems when it officially starts. If these two points are not well mastered, it will directly affect whether the seedlings can emerge in the later stage. The following is a brief introduction to the precautions in the use of the planter.

It is important to test the seedling planter before using the planter. Regardless of the type of planter, it is necessary to test its effect and seeding quality before use, especially the depth and density of the seedling planter's seeding, so that the planter can avoid problems when it officially starts. If these two points are not well mastered, it will directly affect whether the seedlings can emerge in the later stage. The following is a brief introduction to the precautions in the use of the planter.


Precautions during the use of the seedling planter:

1. Before use, check whether the seeding parts are defective, whether there are foreign objects in the seeding box, and fill the parts that need to be filled with oil;

2. When precision sowing, the seeds should be selected strictly, the seeds should not be mixed with straws and stones and other sundries, and they should be dry and clean to avoid blocking the seeding opening and affecting the seeding quality of the seeder;

3. Do a single port flow test to ensure the accuracy of the seeding rate of the planter;

4. When the planter is in operation, avoid stopping as much as possible. When it is necessary to stop, in order to prevent the phenomenon of "broken strips", the machine should be raised and backed for a certain distance before planting. When descending, make the tractor move slowly;

5. During the operation of the planter, the maintenance of the equipment and the cleaning of debris should be carried out when the unit is parked firmly; when the planter is parked for adjustment, the power of the machine should be cut off;

6. In the operating state of the planter, if it encounters a situation that requires the unit to turn before or for long-distance transportation, it should be raised to cut off the power of the seed meter;

7. When the planter sows seeds mixed with pesticides, sowing personnel should wear protective tools such as gloves, masks, goggles and so on. The remaining seeds should be handled promptly and properly, and should not be dumped or thrown away everywhere, so as not to pollute the environment and cause harm to humans and animals;

8. Clean the planter after use, and grease the chain and other parts to prevent rust.


Main function classification of seedling planter:

1. Spreader

A planter that distributes the seeds evenly on the planting plot. The commonly used model is a centrifugal planter. The seeds fall from the seed box to the sowing wheel, and are broadcast in the tangential direction under the action of centrifugal force, with a sowing width of 8-12 meters. Powdered or granular fertilizers, lime and other materials can also be spread.

2. Drill type

The seeding of small seeds such as grains, vegetables, pastures, etc. from the seed box is discharged into the seeding pipe according to the required sowing amount, and falls into the opened trench through the opener, and then is covered with soil The pressing device covers and compacts the seeds, and the crops emerge into parallel and equidistant rows after emergence.

3. Hole-seedling planter

A planter that sowns seeds into holes according to a certain row spacing and hole spacing. Each hole can sown one or several seeds, which are called single seed precision seeding or multiple seed seeding, which are mainly used for cultivating crops such as corn, cotton, sugar beet, sunflower, and beans. Each single unit of agricultural machinery can complete the entire operation process of trenching, seeding, soil covering, and cover pressing.

4. Precision seedling planter

Planters that operate with refined sowing amount, row spacing and depth, precision planters are mostly single-seed hole sowing and multi-grain hole sowing with refined control of the number of seeds per hole, which saves seeds and eliminates thinning after emergence. The advantages of operation, making the nutrient area of ​​each crop even.

5. Combined seedling planter

The combined planter can complete tasks such as soil cultivation before sowing, fertilizer application, soil disinfection, drainage ditches, seeding, pesticide and herbicide application, etc. at one time. This type of planter can prevent soil loss, save energy, and reduce operating costs. It is mostly used for planting crops such as cereals, pastures and green fodder corn.

Keywords: seedling,planter


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